A longitudinal study on the predictive validity of the fear-avoidance model in low back pain

Judith M. Sieben, J.W.S. Vlaeyen, P.J.M. Portegijs, J.A.M.C.F. Verbunt, S. van Riet-Rutgers, A.D.M. Kester, M. von Korff, A.R. Arntz, J.A. Knottnerus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Recently, fear-avoidance models have been quite influential in understanding the transition from acute to chronic low back pain (LBP). Not only has pain-related fear been found to be associated with disability and increased pain severity, but also treatment focused at reducing pain-related fear has shown to successfully reduce disability levels. In spite of these developments, there is still a lack in well-designed prospective studies examining the role of pain-related fear in acute back pain. The aim of the current study was to prospectively test the assumption that pain-related fear in acute stages successfully predicts future disability. Subjects were primary care acute LBP patients consulting because of a new episode of LBP (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-170
JournalPain
Volume117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005

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