BACKGROUND: The role of cortical lesions (CLs) in disease progression and clinical deficits is increasingly recognized in multiple sclerosis (MS); however the origin of CLs in MS still remains unclear.
OBJECTIVE: Here, we report a para-sulcal CL detected two years after diagnosis in a relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patient without manifestation of clinical deficit.
METHODS: Ultra-high field (7T) MR imaging using magnetization-prepared 2 rapid acquisition gradient echoes (MP2RAGE) sequence was performed.
RESULTS: A para-sulcal CL was detected which showed hypointense rim and iso- to hyperintense core. This was detected in the proximity of the leptomeninges in the left precentral gyrus extending to the adjacent postcentral gyrus.
CONCLUSION: This finding indicates that inflammatory infiltration into the cortex through the meninges underlies cortical pathology already in the early stage of disease and in mild disease course.
- Multiple sclerosis
- atypical cortical lesions
- magnetic resonance imaging
- CORTICAL DEMYELINATION