A Genetic Polymorphism in CTLA-4 Is Associated with Overall Survival in Sunitinib-Treated Patients with Clear Cell Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Xiaoyan Liu, Jesse J. Swen, Meta H. M. Diekstra, Epie Boven, Daniel Castellano, Hans Gelderblom, Ron H. J. Mathijssen, Sita H. Vermeulen, Egbert Oosterwijk, Kerstin Junker, Max Roessler, Kristin Alexiusdottir, Asgerdur Sverrisdottir, Marius T. Radu, Valentin Ambert, Tim Eisen, Anne Warren, Cristina Rodriguez-Antona, Jesus Garcia-Donas, Stefan BohringerKarel K. M. Koudijs, Lambertus A. L. M. Kiemeney, Brian I. Rini, Henk-Jan Guchelaar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose: The survival of patients with clear cell metastatic renal cell carcinoma (cc-mRCC) has improved substantially since the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI). With the fact that TKIs interact with immune responses, we investigated whether polymorphisms of genes involved in immune checkpoints are related to the clinical outcome of cc-m RCC patients treated with sunitinib as first PKI. Experimental Design: Twenty-seven single-nucleotide poly-morphisms (SNP) in CD274 (PD-L1), PDCDI (PD-L1), and CTLA-4 were tested for a possible association with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in a discovery cohort of 550 sunitinib-treated cc-mRCC patients. SNPs with a significant association (P < 0.05) were tested in an independent validation cohort of 138 sunitinib-treated cc-mRCC patients. Finally, data of the discovery and validation cohort were pooled for meta-analysis. Results: CTLA-4 rs23 1775 and CL)274 rs7866740 showed significant associations with OS in the discovery cohort after correction for age, gender, and Heng prognostic risk group IHR, 0.84; 95% confidence interval (Cl), 0.72-0.98; 0.028, and FIR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.54-0.99; P = 0.047, respectively). In the validation cohort, the associations of both SNPs with OS did not meet the significance t threshold of P < 0.05. After meta-analysis, CTLA-4 rs231775 showed a significant association with OS (HR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.72-0,95; 1' 0.008). Patients with the CC genotype had longer OS (35.1 months) compared with patients with an AG (30.3 months) or AA genotype (24.3 months). No significant associations with PIS were found. Conclusions: The (1-allele of rs231775 in the CTLA-4 gene is associated with an improved OS in sunitinib-treated cc-mRCC patients and could potentially be used as a prognostic biomarker. (C) 2018 AACR.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2350-2356
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2018



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