A Dutch translation and validation of the Body Appreciation Scale-2: An investigation with female university students in the Netherlands

Jessica M Alleva, Carolien Martijn, Jolanda Veldhuis, Tracy L Tylka

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Abstract

This paper describes a Dutch translation and validation of the Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2; Tylka & Wood-Barcalow, 2015a), an instrument for assessing key components of positive body image. Dutch speaking female university students (N=310, M-age = 21.31, SD=3.04) completed the Dutch BAS-2. To assess its construct validity, participants also completed measures of appearance satisfaction, functionality satisfaction, self-objectification, self-esteem, and optimistic life orientation. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a one-dimensional factor structure of the Dutch BAS-2, substantiating the BAS-2 factor structure found in samples of U.S., Chinese, and Iranian university students and community adults. Dutch BAS-2 scores also demonstrated good internal consistency (alpha=.90), convergent validity, and incremental validity. In addition, lower body mass indices were associated with higher Dutch BAS-2 scores. The present findings support the cross-cultural equivalence of the BAS-2 and thus its promise in enabling research on positive body image in diverse cultural contexts. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-48
Number of pages5
JournalBody Image
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Body Image
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Netherlands
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self Concept
  • Students
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Translations
  • Universities
  • Young Adult
  • Factor structure
  • IMAGE
  • FUNCTIONALITY
  • Body appreciation
  • PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES
  • Translation
  • OPTIMISM
  • Dutch women
  • HONG-KONG
  • ESTEEM
  • Positive body image
  • LIFE ORIENTATION TEST

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