A Diet Rich in Fish Oil and Leucine Ameliorates Hypercalcemia in Tumour-Induced Cachectic Mice

Rogier L. C. Plas, Mieke Poland, Joyce Faber, Josep Argiles, Miriam van Dijk, Alessandro Laviano, Jocelijn Meijerink, Renger F. Witkamp, Ardy van Helvoort, Klaske van Norren*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: Dietary supplementation with leucine and fish oil rich in omega-3 fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has previously been shown to reduce cachexia-related outcomes in C26 tumour-bearing mice. To further explore associated processes and mechanisms we investigated changes in plasma Ca2+ levels, the involvement of parathyroid hormone related protein (PTHrP), and its possible interactions with cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2). Methods: CD2F1 mice were subcutaneously inoculated with C26 adenocarcinoma cells or sham treated and divided in: (1) controls, (2) tumour-bearing controls, and (3) tumour-bearing receiving experimental diets. After 20 days, body and organ masses and total plasma Ca2+ levels were determined. Furthermore, effects of DHA, EPA and leucine on production of PTHrP were studied in cultured C26 cells. Results: The combination of leucine and fish oil reduced tumour-associated hypercalcemia. Plasma Ca2+ levels negatively correlated with carcass mass and multiple organ masses. DHA was able to reduce PTHrP production by C26 cells in vitro. Results indicate that this effect occurred independently of COX-2 inhibition. Conclusion: Our results suggest that cancer-related hypercalcemia may be ameliorated by a nutritional intervention rich in leucine and fish oil. The effect of fish oil possibly relates to a DHA-induced reduction of PTHrP excretion by the tumour.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4978
Number of pages12
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume20
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • hypercalcemia
  • PTHrP
  • cachexia
  • fish oil
  • leucine
  • DOCOSAHEXAENOIC ACID
  • PROSTAGLANDIN E-2
  • CANCER
  • SUPPLEMENTATION
  • COMBINATION
  • CALCIUM
  • BEARING
  • PTHRP
  • CELL
  • INFLAMMATION

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