Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome is a rare, genetically determined encephalopathy often resembling congenital infection. Mutations in the TREX1 gene are found in approximately 25% of patients. Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome is usually inherited as an autosomal recessive trait, although a single case of a heterozygous TREX1 mutation associated with the syndrome has been reported. We present a second case of a de novo heterozygous TREX1 mutation causing an autosomal dominant phenotype of Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome with additional features indicative of mitochondrial dysfunction. This report serves to enhance awareness of de novo heterozygous mutations underlying Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome with a concomitant low risk of recurrence.
- Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome
- basal ganglia calcifications