A computer assisted method to obtain the prothrombin activation velocity in whole plasma independent of Thrombin decay processes

H.C. Hemker*, G.M. Willems, S. Beguin

*Corresponding author for this work

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    A method is described that, on the basis of the time course of amidolytic activity after the triggering of thrombin generation in normal plasma, allows the calculation of the velocity of prothrombin conversion independent of thrombin inactivating processes. It is shown how the reaction constants for the α2M-dependent and the α2M-independent thrombin inactivation processes can be obtained in a sample of whole plasma. The method is verified by demonstrating that the experimentally observed time courses of residual prothrombin and of α2M-thrombin complex coincide with those calculated from the time course of amidolytic activity, and by showing that the course of prothrombin conversion in plasma without α2-macroglobulin or AT III is adequately described if the α2M or AT Ill-dependent breakdown constants are taken zero in the calculations. It appears that the inactivation of thrombin, endogenously generated in whole plasma, is about half as fast as that of exogenous thrombin added to the plasma. A computer program is presented that carries out the relevant calculations.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)9-17
    Number of pages9
    JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1986

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