A Comparative Analysis of Deep Learning Methods for Emotion Recognition using Physiological Signals for Robot-Based Intervention Studies

Yusuf Can Semerci*, Gökhan Akgün, Elif Toprak, Duygun Erol Barkana

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingAcademicpeer-review


Robot-based intervention systems can be more pros-perous if they recognize the patients' and children's emotions and modify the interaction scenarios considering these emotions to increase their engagement. This study aims to develop an emotion recognition model that uses users' physiological signals, which is planned to be integrated into robot-based intervention studies. Deep learning methods can be used to develop emotion recognition models using physiological signals, which can be collected from different biofeedback sensors. In this study, a comparative analysis of deep learning methods for emotion recog-nition using physiological signals for robot-based intervention studies are performed. Convolutional Neural networks (CNN) and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks are employed to analyze and classify the physiological data (blood volume pulse (BVP), skin temperature (ST), and skin conductance (SC)). Furthermore, the effects of different hyperparameters (filter size, number of filters, and dropout) on the classification performance of the emotion recognition models are analyzed. It has been found that the best performance among the proposed models is the hybrid model CLS (hybrid network with Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier), where the filter size is 3X3 with the BVP sensor (59.18%) in the pleasant-unpleasant (PU) classification. Furthermore, the hybrid model Dec-CLS contains 3 convolutional layers with 32, 16, and 8 3X3 filters, respectively, result in the highest performance (67.46%) with the BVP sensor in NU (neutral- unpleasant) classification.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 Medical Technologies Congress (TIPTEKNO)
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)978-1-6654-5432-2
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2022
EventMedical Technologies National Conference (TIPTEKNO) - Antalya, Turkey
Duration: 31 Oct 20222 Nov 2022


ConferenceMedical Technologies National Conference (TIPTEKNO)
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