A combined dose calculation and verification method for a small animal precision irradiator based on onboard imaging

Patrick V. Granton, Mark Podesta, Guillaume Landry, Sebastiaan Nijsten, Gregory Bootsma, Frank Verhaegen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

35 Citations (Web of Science)


Purpose: Novel small animal precision microirradiators (micro-IR) are becoming available for preclinical use and are often equipped with onboard imaging (OBI) devices. We investigated the use of OBI as a means to infer the accuracy of the delivered treatment plan. Methods: Monte Carlo modeling of the micro-IR including an elliptical Gaussian electron beam incident on the x-ray tube was used to score dose and to continue photon transport to the plane of the OBI device. A model of the OBI detector response was used to generate simulated onboard images. Experimental OBI was performed at 225 kVp, gain/offset and scatter-glare were corrected. Simulated and experimentally obtained onboard images of phantoms and a mouse specimen were compared for a range of photon beam sizes from 2.5 cm down to 0.1 cm. Results: Simulated OBI can be used in small animal radiotherapy to determine if a treatment plan was delivered according to the prescription within an uncertainty of 5% for beams as small as 4 mm in diameter. For collimated beams smaller than 4 mm, beam profile differences remain primarily in the penumbra region of the smallest beams, which may be tolerable for specific preclinical micro-IR investigations. Conclusions: Comparing simulated to acquired OBI during small animal treatment radiotherapy represents a useful treatment delivery tool.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4155-4166
JournalMedical Physics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012


  • portal dosimetry
  • small animal micro-IR
  • Monte Carlo

Cite this