Galactokinase deficiency is an inborn error of carbohydrate metabolism due to a block in the formation of galactose-1-phosphate from galactose. Although the association of galactokinase deficiency with formation of cataracts is well established, the extent of the clinical phenotype is still under investigation. We describe a 6-year-old female who was diagnosed with galactokinase deficiency due to cataract formation when she was 10 months of age and initially started on galactose-restricted diet at that time for 5 months. She developed gait abnormality at 4 years of age. Breath tests via measurement of 13C isotope in exhaled carbon dioxide following 13C-labeled galactose administration at carbon-1 and carbon-2 positions revealed oxidation rates within the normal range. The results in this patient strikingly contrast with the results of another patient with GALK1 deficiency that underwent breath testing with [1-14C]-galactose and [2-14C]-galactose. Extension of in vivo breath tests to other galactokinase patients is needed to better understand the pathophysiology of this disease.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - May 2021|