OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate 1-year clinical safety and efficacy of the dual-therapy COMBO stent in a large, all-comers patient-level pooled cohort.
BACKGROUND: The COMBO stent (OrbusNeich Medical, Fort Lauderdale, Florida) is a novel stent with abluminal sirolimus elution from a biodegradable polymer and a luminal pro-healing anti-CD34+ antibody layer, which attracts circulating endothelial progenitor cells. These endothelial progenitor cells can quickly mature into normal endothelium, providing rapid endothelialization.
METHODS: The MASCOT (Multinational Abluminal Sirolimus Coated biO-engineered stenT) (N = 2,614, 61 global sites) and REMEDEE (Randomized study to Evaluate the safety and effectiveness of an abluMinal sirolimus coatED bio-Engineered StEnt Post Market Registry) (N = 1,000, 9 European sites) registries are 2 prospective, multicenter studies evaluating clinical outcomes after attempted COMBO stent placement in all-comer patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. In this patient-level pooled analysis we analyzed 1-year target lesion failure (TLF), a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction, or clinically driven target lesion revascularization. Furthermore, we determined predictors of 1-year TLF.
RESULTS: A total of 3,614 patients (63.5 ± 11.2 years of age; 23.8% women) were included in this analysis. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 29.3%, and 54.3% patients presented with acute coronary syndrome. The primary endpoint of 1-year TLF occurred in 140 (3.9%) patients, with incidence of cardiac death in 1.6%, target vessel myocardial infarction in 1.2%, clinically driven target lesion revascularization in 2.2%, and definite stent thrombosis in 0.5% patients. Insulin-treated diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure, and American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association lesion type B2/C were independent predictors of 1-year TLF.
CONCLUSIONS: In this large patient-level pooled analysis of patients treated with the dual-therapy COMBO stent excellent results at 1-year were observed. (MASCOT - Post Marketing Registry [MASCOT]; NCT02183454; Prospective Registry to Assess the Long-term Safety and Performance of the COMBO Stent [REMEDEE Reg]; NCT01874002).
- drug-eluting stent(s)
- endothelial progenitor cell anti-CD34+antibody
- percutaneous coronary intervention
- stent healing
- PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION
- SIROLIMUS-ELUTING STENTS
- CHRONIC KIDNEY-DISEASE
- POLYMER-COATED STENT
- ANTIPLATELET THERAPY
- FOCUSED UPDATE