β1Pix exchange factor stabilizes the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2 and plays a critical role in ENaC regulation by AMPK in kidney epithelial cells

Pei-Yin Ho, Hui Li, Tengis S. Pavlov, Roland D. Tuerk, Diego Tabares, Rene Brunisholz, Dietbert Neumann, Alexander Staruschenko, Kenneth R. Hallows

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Our previous work has established that the metabolic sensor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) inhibits the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) by promoting its binding to neural precursor cell–expressed, developmentally down-regulated 4-2, E3 ubiquitin protein ligase (Nedd4-2). Here, using MS analysis and in vitro phosphorylation, we show that AMPK phosphorylates Nedd4-2 at the Ser-444 (Xenopus Nedd4-2) site critical for Nedd4-2 stability. We further demonstrate that the Pak-interacting exchange factor β1Pix is required for AMPK-mediated inhibition of ENaC-dependent currents in both CHO and murine kidney cortical collecting duct (CCD) cells. Short hairpin RNA–mediated knockdown of β1Pix expression in CCD cells attenuated the inhibitory effect of AMPK activators on ENaC currents. Moreover, overexpression of a β1Pix dimerization–deficient mutant unable to bind 14-3-3 proteins (Δ602–611) increased ENaC currents in CCD cells, whereas overexpression of WT β1Pix had the opposite effect. Using additional immunoblotting and co-immunoprecipitation experiments, we found that treatment with AMPK activators promoted the binding of β1Pix to 14-3-3 proteins in CCD cells. However, the association between Nedd4-2 and 14-3-3 proteins was not consistently affected by AMPK activation, β1Pix knockdown, or overexpression of WT β1Pix or the β1Pix-Δ602–611 mutant. Moreover, we found that β1Pix is important for phosphorylation of the aforementioned Nedd4-2 site critical for its stability. Overall, these findings elucidate novel molecular mechanisms by which AMPK regulates ENaC. Specifically, they indicate that AMPK promotes the assembly of β1Pix, 14-3-3 proteins, and Nedd4-2 into a complex that inhibits ENaC by enhancing Nedd4-2 binding to ENaC and its degradation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11612-11624
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume293
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • AMP-activated kinase (AMPK)
  • epithelial sodium channel (ENaC)
  • ubiquitin ligase
  • sodium transport
  • 14-3-3 protein
  • kidney
  • -Pix
  • ACTIVATED PROTEIN-KINASE
  • NA+ CHANNEL
  • SODIUM-CHANNEL
  • BETA-PIX
  • PHOSPHORYLATION SITES
  • FUNCTIONAL REGULATION
  • CELLULAR-ENERGY
  • IN-VIVO
  • C-CBL
  • TRANSPORT
  • Phosphorylation
  • Cricetulus
  • Humans
  • Nedd4 Ubiquitin Protein Ligases/metabolism
  • Rho Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors/metabolism
  • HEK293 Cells
  • 14-3-3 Proteins/metabolism
  • Kidney Tubules, Collecting/cytology
  • CHO Cells
  • Cell Line
  • Epithelial Sodium Channels/metabolism
  • Epithelial Cells/cytology
  • Animals
  • Mice
  • AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism

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