Exposure to violence across multiple contexts and health risk behaviours in South African adolescents: the moderating role of emotion dysregulation

Dataset

Description

Objective: The association between violence exposure and health risk behaviours in South African adolescents, and the moderating role of emotion dysregulation were investigated. Design: A multiethnic sample of adolescents (N¼925: boy: 47.3%, girl: 52.7%, M age ¼ 16 years, SD¼1.54) completed a survey. Main outcome measures: Violence exposure across different contexts (home-, school-, community-, political victimisation), emotion dysregulation (inability to regulate sadness and anger) and a composite measure of health risk behaviours (smoking, substance use, risky sexual behaviour) were examined. Results: Boys reported more risk behaviours than girls, t (844) ¼ 5.25, p0.001. Direct community victimisation was a predictor for boys’ risk behaviours, B¼0.22, p0.001. Indirect school victimisation and direct community victimisation were predictors for girls’ risk behaviours, B’s ¼ 0.19, p’s 0.01. Girls reported higher emotion dysregulation than boys, t (748) ¼ _2.95, p0.01. Only for girls, emotion dysregulation moderated the associations of indirect home victimisation, B¼16, p0.01, and direct community victimisation, B¼15, p0.05, with risk behaviours. Conclusion: Interventions may target emotion regulation skills, particularly for girls, to enhance resilience to the negative effects of violence on behaviours.

Terms of reuse

CC0 Public Domain Dedication
Date made available5 Jan 2021
PublisherDataverseNL

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